Responsive Government

Electoral Reform: Runoff Elections

This is an answer to electoral reform, which improves on the first-past-the-post system. Legitimacy of elected candidates is improved as well as potential increases in democratic engagement. When a candidate does not win 50+1% on the first ballot, a second ballot would reduce the number of eligible candidates to two, and ballots would be cast after an additional period of campaigning. The second ballot would deliver a candidate who is elected by a majority. This system ensures that majority of voters will always get their preferred candidate on the final ballot. Unlike ranked balloting, run-off elections would mean an additional vote in many constituencies, but the great advantage is that it would drive a focus on the quality of the candidates and platforms at the constituency level, as well as encouraging participation in the democratic process by allowing a second round on a narrower field.

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Idea No. 376